And whichever key is true will finally unlock the secrets of the Minoan culture and, as important, the Minoan perspective of the downfall of their empire. Although they thrived in different parts of Greece, the Aegean Sea was both of their trading roots. civilizations flourished in the island of Crete and in mainland Greece for close to 2,000 years. The Mycenaeans (Greek people) on islands and the mainland of Europe to the north had seen the grandeur of Crete. In what other areas did the Minoans influence the Mycenaeans besides sea trade? The Mycenaeans built their palaces on hilltop. As the Minoans overlapped with the Hittite Empire, the New Kingdom of Egypt and various Trojan political systems, any of these theories could hold the key to the roots of the Minoan language. His name was Dyeus which in Greek became Zeus. However Minoan culture declined after 1450 BC. Whereas the Mycenaeans seem to have been rather aggressive and war-like, the Minoans, alternatively, were relatively peaceful. The Mycenaeans made weapons and armor from Bronze, giving this age its name: The Bronze Age. One of the more important clues regarding this disposition to violence or otherwise lies in the architecture of the two civilizations. The Minoan civilization flourished in the Middle Bronze Age on the island of Crete located in the eastern Mediterranean from c. 2000 BCE until c. 1500 BCE. The Minoans were famous for the magnificent palaces they built, above all at Knossos. The main written language of the Minoans was the script called Linear A, which has yet to be deciphered but may represent a form of early Greek. The Minoans and Mycenaeans descended mainly from early Neolithic farmers, likely migrating thousands of years prior to the Bronze Age from Anatolia, in what is today modern Turkey. This means that it was not the Minoans that invaded the Mycenaeans. Though they all spoke Greek, and worshipped the same gods, the Mycenaeans were separated into independent city-states, each with its own king. Minoans And Mycenaeans Flavours Of Their Time Time The Mycenaeans. The Minoan (c. 2600–1100 b.c.e.) to 14th century B.C. The Minoans also developed metalworking techniques, such as gold-inlaid bronze, that passed to the Greeks through the Mycenaeans. By about 1580 BCE Minoan civilization began to spread across the Aegean. It was used for religious and accounting purposes from about 1800–1450 B.C.E., when it abruptly disappeared to be replaced by Linear B, a tool of the Mycenaeans, and one that we can read today. We are not sure why but they may have been conquered by people from mainland Greece. The Mycenaeans were bellicose by nature, attacking others, especially by sea, and fighting among themselves. The Mycenaeans (Greek people) on islands and the mainland of Europe to the north had seen the grandeur of Crete. Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. Because the Greeks lacked natural resources like timber, metal and usable farmland. The Mycenaeans. While the Minoans have long been presumed to be a peaceful race due to archaeological findings (or rather, the lack of military findings), the same has … Art: Pottery work such as stirrup jars, pitchers, kraters and chalices were made during this era. The Minoans were a bronze age civilization. The Minoans and Mycenaean civilizations both resided in present-day Greece, while the Minoans based their civilization on the island of Crete, and the Mycenaeans on mainland Greece. The Minoans ruled on the island of Crete, south of the Greek mainland in the Mediterranean Sea, from 2000 to 1600 BCE. In their dealings with the civilziations of the Near East, the Minoans also picked up technologies that they took home with them. The World of the Ancient Greeks - Warfare. The Minoans have an important place in world history, as building the first civilization to appear on European soil. The wall paintings also show that religion was an important part of Minoan life. Clashes began with the invasion of the Mycenaeans, a group of people who invaded from the Greek mainland. These works of art show that the Minoans loved dancing, music, and sports. They were influenced by the Minoans, and their civilization. Yet the Mycenaeans went one step further, engaging frequently in piracy. Their civilization was at its height from about 1700 BC to 1500 BC. Perhaps the most important trade role the Minoans played was the transfer of ideas and technology from Egypt and Southwest Asia to the budding civilizations of Europe. Minoan culture became a powerful force in the region. Minoan Bull-Leaping Fresco from the palace of Knossos, via Ancient Origins. This finding suggests that some migration occurred in the Aegean and southwestern Anatolia from further east after the time of the earliest farmers. After the disappearance of the Minoans due to natural disasters or losses in wars, the Mycenaeans came to power on the Greek mainland. Following the collapse of this civilisation in the 12th century BC, Greece entered a period of relative poverty and isolation when writing was forgotten. Mycenaean, Any member of a group of warlike Indo-European peoples who entered Greece from the north starting c. 1900 bc and established a Bronze Age culture on the mainland and nearby islands. He discovered that the writing, although using Minoan style, was actually written in Greek. The Aegean Bronze Age is predominately known as the period in which the battle-hardened Mycenaeans conquered the simple sea-trading Minoans and rose to become one of the most powerful trading powers in the Eastern Mediterranean. Minoan civilization, Bronze Age civilization of Crete that flourished from about 3000 BCE to about 1100 BCE. "Minoans, Mycenaeans, and modern Greeks also had some ancestry related to the ancient people of … Crete’s Minoan civilization has long been considered Europe’s first great Bronze Age society.The floruit of the Minoan civilization, which spread across Crete in the third millennium B.C.E., occurred in the 18th–16th centuries B.C.E., in the late Middle Bronze Age and the start of the Late Bronze Age. •first Greek speaking people •Dominated mainland Greece-Peloponnesus Peninsula & north central Greece •Local people were known as the Hellenes •Palace center of city, served as: gov’t center & area of trade •Adopted many ideas of the Minoans: writing & religion (worshipped earth mother) & many gods & goddesses Why was sea travel and trade important to the Greeks? Why did Minoans become a great sea power? and Mycenaean (c. 2800–1100 b.c.e.) The Mycenaeans and the Minoans both reigned and traded in and around the Aegean Sea. They imitated the Minoans, especially in their trading activities. The minoans had a common language and writing, a common architecture, a common government, a … The Historical Fall Theory says that Mycenaeans from Southern Greece conquered Crete and took control of peaceful Minoans. The Minoans, who were known particularly for their extensive trade and dominance of the sea, existed from about 27th century B.C. This would explain why almost every Minoan palace was burned to the ground around 1490. Minoans had a strong influence on most of the religious practices and rituals practised by the Mycenaeans. Apart from items from Mycenae itself, particularly important are groups of objects from the islands of Rhodes and from Cyprus, a major trading hub and market for Mycenaean pottery. It was main land Greece that invaded the island nation of Crete. Question: why were the minoans a civilization. The Minoans built a large civilization that flourished from 2600 BC to 1400 BC. It was located on the island of Crete, which is now a part of Greece. In many of the paintings,both women and men have long, flowing hair and wear gold jewelry.